Photo by Ray Rui Sa

arapi (ah-rah-pee)

Arapi, also commonly referred to as Arab, Harapi, Harapёt or the archaic spelling, Arabes, means Black, as in African. It was coined by invading Persian enslavers. A person who self-describes as Arap means they were free Africans; whereas a person who self-identified as Arapi means their families and perhaps they themselves were enslaved.


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Years Dislocated
million victims
identities reclaimed
stories told
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Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6 Chapter 7
Chapter 8

Chapter excerpt photos by: Joshua Oluwagbemiga, Les Ansdersen, Marcus Lee, Shalom Mwenesi, Yamon Figurs, Nate Greno, Oladimeji Odunsi and Chris Benson.


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Dr. Royster

paula d. royster, PhD

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